How To Start A Patent Medicine Store (Chemist) In Nigeria (2024)

This article is about how to start a patent medicine store business, also known as a chemist shop business in Nigeria this 2024. A patent medical store is where over the counter drugs (OTC) are stocked and dispensed to individuals in need of these medicines in order to get well from certain illnesses and they are mostly located at rural settings or communities in the country.

How To Start A Patent Medicine Store (Chemist) In Nigeria

If you would love to set up a patent drug store in the country, you should be aware that the only professional body responsible for approving your business is the Pharmacists Council of Nigeria (PCN). They have a major say on whether or not to allow you operate a chemist shop in the country after they must have been satisfied that you meet the requirements for opening a drug store in your locality.

The PCN through the National Association of Proprietary and Patent Medicine Dealers (NAPPMED) ensures that all the requirements guiding the setting up of patent drug stores are strictly adhered to in the country due to the fact that human lives are involved and they wouldn’t want to licence just about anybody.

Patent drug stores are not managed by pharmacists, but can be owned by pharmacy technicians or many other individuals in the country that have sound knowledge of medicines and the required documents that prove that they underwent the necessary training and licencing to be eligible to operate a chemist shop.

These drug stores are mostly found in rural settings or in places where primary health centres and pharmacy stores are not easily accessible and they help to bridge that gap by making sure that by dispensing certain OTC drugs, those living in their communities can also have a feel of what it means to have something close to primary healthcare in their neighbourhood.

In terms of being lucrative, patent medical stores in Nigeria can fetch you a respectable sum of ₦300,000 or more per month depending on the types of medicines you sell and your proximity to your customers. If your patronage is very high, it should not surprise you when you balance your books and find out that you have made respectable figures in terms of profits.

In setting up your patent medicine store business in Nigeria, otherwise known as a chemist shop, you should be aware that one of the notable challenges in this patent medical store business in the country is that there are many fake/adulterated medicines in circulation that are detrimental to the health of many Nigerians and you should be careful not to fall prey to this by stocking up your chemist shop with such drugs. Ensure you source your medicines from trusted dealers to avoid getting into trouble with the relevant authorities, especially the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control, NAFDAC.


We understand that going about how to start your patent medicine store business in Nigeria can be a daunting task, that is why we have taken out time to outline the step by step processes involved in setting up your chemist business in Nigeria this 2024. They are outlined below:


The first step on how to set up your patent medical store in Nigeria today is to simply prepare your business plan on how you want to run the business. This should be very detailed, factoring in the pros and cons of what owning a patent medical store is all about, your capital, your registration fees, how many employees you would love to have and where the best possible place you would love to site your business should be. All these details matter and you should put all of them into consideration before you proceed with the business.


Once you have decided to set up your drug store in Nigeria today, you should ensure that you get a valid operating licence from the Pharmacists Council of Nigeria (PCN) before anything else. This is very compulsory and very necessary to prevent you from having issues with the authorities in the future.

The PCN, under the authority of the Federal Ministry of Health in Nigeria issues licencing certificates to patent medicine dealers in the country, kindly ensure that you obtain this certificate or risk your shop being sealed either temporary or indefinitely and this can prevent you from joining the relevant proprietary medicine vendors and distributors in the country.


In order to register your chemist store business in the country, you will be required to join the umbrella body in charge of this which is the National Association of Proprietary and Patent Medicine Dealers (NAPPMED). This is the body authorized by the Pharmacists Council of Nigeria to regulate and control patent drug stores in Nigeria.

To become a registered member of NAPPMED, you will be required to present your licencing certificate obtained from the PCN, after which you are to make a mandatory payment for registration so as to be recognized as a full fledged member of the body. This registration fee is about ₦200,000, preferably with foods and drinks as this is the norm. It is usually a feast time where all members in your zone come and wine and dine as you are introduced to them.

Apart from the registration fee, you will be required to pay a yearly fee of about ₦30,000 – ₦50,000 to renew your membership with the National Association of Proprietary and Patent Medicine Dealers (NAPPMED). The amount varies depending on your location.


After you must have drawn up your business plan and you are sure that you have what it takes to run a successful patent medicine store in Nigeria, and after being licenced by the PCN and registered with NAPPMED, the next step would be to register your business name with the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC).

This process is a simple one and information on how to register your business name in Nigeria is contained in the link provided. During your business name registration, the CAC will ask for your PCN licence as proof that you are running a genuine business.


Once you have satisfied every requirement up to step 4, the next step is to get a reliable drug supplier for your patent drug store. Ensure that you are familiar with reputable wholesalers and distributors of the type of drugs you want to sell so as to make your business less stressful.


Ensure that you get a shop at a good location where you can be readily patronized. Places that do not have access to primary health centres and pharmacy stores are where you can come in and fill the void as the top medicine dealer in that area. In accordance with the health rules governing the country, ensure that your shop is sighted at a neat place so that you do not joepardize the health of your customers.

Also make sure that the environmental condition is conducive for customers by keeping your store neat. Endeavour to site your chemist shop 200 meters away from another patent medical store in busy areas or 400 meters away from the next one in less busy areas.


This is very important for your business to grow. Once you have established your drug store, ensure that you advertise it so that people are aware of what you do to give you greater patronage. There are some rules governing how to advertise your business if you are in this line of work, it would be great if you found out from your colleagues in this field about the necessary steps to take to get your patent medicine store out there to its target customers.


Be sure to attend important orientation programmes organized by the Pharmacists Council of Nigeria (PCN) for patent medicine dealers in the country and other programmes that are organized by NAPPMED in order to gain knowledge on the latest trends in moving your business forward. You can also attend seminars and presentations organized by some of the top pharmaceutical companies in Nigeria in your zone to gain insight on new drugs that can be beneficial to your customers.

Ezeh Emmanuella

Ezeh Emmanuella is an information enthusiast and the Editor of Nigerian Search Guide. She loves to answer search queries on everything Nigeria. She is also the brain behind Ellacious Designs, an emerging fashion brand in Nigeria today.

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64 Responses

  1. Precious says:

    Am happy to get this information thank you so much

  2. Precious says:

    I will love to get a number which I can put a call through.thank once again

  3. Igbabo Nathaniel says:

    Im well educated and will need updates on this discusion

  4. Angus says:

    I’m very happy to receive this information. It’s my starting point.

  5. Augustine kehinde success says:

    Please can someone who registered with CAC can such run patent shop without association

  6. Henry osemwen says:

    I have paid for my shop and bought the necessary drugs am about to start my patent business but there is an existing patent shop opposite my shop how do i go about it please reply

    • Yemmie says:

      I’m on this table too,I’ve found a suitable location for my shop
      I was even about paying the rent, on getting there’s the following day I just noticed a provision seller that added few drugs with it is around the place, just 3shops interval, I don’t know if I can still use the place??

      • Amaka Millicent says:

        Please sir can I have your number am about to start mine..I just need someone to direct me perfectly,I have never done business before..Thank you very much for the information

  7. Yemmie says:

    You’re a life saver
    Thanks so much for this great one

    • Lawal Opeyemi says:

      Am Opeyemi am really impressed thank you so much, I have questions. My boss said I can not open my shop in the town she is, is it normal

  8. PETER says:

    The piece is helpful…..
    However,I learnt that there’s is another existing regulatory body called NISSAN apart from NAPPMED
    Is it authorised and operational too???
    If yes,how do they operate??

  9. Olusola Omowumi says:

    I wish to set up a patent medicine store from your educative write up

  10. DENIS JOHN O. says:

    I wish to started up a patent medicine story in my area please can i have some one to guide me on please.

  11. destiny says:

    very informative.

  12. Aremu Tolulope says:

    I found this helpful. I have heard in mind long ago of setting up a patent medicine store. But, I don’t know how to go about it.Can I get a guide please

  13. Jonah oche says:

    I have finished my CNA program and I want to start pharmacy business I may qualified to go

    • Titilope Waheed says:

      If someone has already registered with cac, is it necessary to still register with association again?

      • Ruth says:

        This is very helpful. Pls can I open my store then later I can go for the registration cos the 200k is expensive for starters like me.

  14. Titilope Waheed says:

    Very informative and good

  15. Amarachi Francisca says:

    Thank you very much for the guidelines. I have being wanting to start a patent drug store but I didn’t know how to go about it..but now I know. Tnx a lot

  16. Ndidi says:

    Thank u for the information am a nurse by profession and I want to start the business how do I go about it and how much can it cost.pls reply am waiting

  17. May D says:

    Can I run a Patent Medicine Store without registering with CAC?

    • Akinyemi Omolade says:

      Pls can I use auxiliary nurse certificate to open chemist shop or I still need to learn chemist.pls reply to this.

  18. Oyetubo Tolulope Rosemary says:

    Please can I get a business plan on this.

  19. Rossy says:

    Very informative,I wish to start mine very soon.thanks

  20. Ajiruk says:

    This is a very helpful information
    Please to register such patent medicine store in Lagos will cost how much? Who are those responsible agency for that in Lagos? I’m RN holder which I’m planning to establish my chemist and nursing home very soon.

    • Chi love says:

      Thanks for the piece of advice. Pls must I get a shop before registration to PCN, NAPPMED, CAC or must I register into the Bodies before getting a shop.

  21. Treasure Jackson says:

    Please sir can I have your number? I’m about to start up the Patent Medicine Store business in Nigeria and I need your direction. Thanks.

  22. Esther says:

    Thanks so much for this vital information. I have got all I need. Pls sir, my question goes this way, if I register with Nappmed, will they offer me PCN license? Again,I know I won’t see injection in patent medicine shop, but can i sell needles and syringes?

  23. Esther says:

    Thanks so much for this vital information. I’m about to register with NAPPMED. Can I sell needles, syringes and cannula? I know I won’t sell injections.

  24. prince G.N says:

    its great to have received this information but my question is can a biochemist run a pharmacy shop without having partnership with a pharmacist?.

  25. Ugochi says:

    I am a nurse. Do I need to use a pharmacist license and certificates to apply for PCN license?

  26. Nnadi Chinenye Petronella says:

    This was helpful, thanks a lot.

  27. Iheonunekwu merit says:

    I’m so much Happy to receive this information. Thanks, I appreciate.

  28. Sylvester A Gadzama says:

    Very rich indeed. I cannot find a suitable shop building to start a patent medicine store around but I have a very good foreign container that is air conditioned, can I use it? Secondly, I have not received any training on medicine handling, can I open and employ a trained personnel to work there? Thanks

  29. Glory Godswill says:

    Please how do I get a good supplier? i want to open my chemist shop. every other things are done only to get a supplier.

  30. Marian says:

    Thank you for this very useful information. I have been thinking of running my own chemist and offer additional support in the area of primary healthcare as a nurse.

  31. Toluwalope joy says:

    I want to set up chemist shop. Can I treat patients? Please reply me.

  32. Omowumi Oyedayo says:

    Please can you help on how to get patent store suppliers

  33. Tonia says:

    Is it true that as a patent medicine dealer in Nigeria, there are certain drugs you can’t sell? Why please? I will also like to know if it’s a profitable business.

  34. Alhaji Saidu says:

    Please how much can I get an operation license from PCN before setting up my chemist business?

  35. Nkesi says:

    Registration with nappmed is it compulsory?

  36. Jacob loveth says:

    This is very educative, I have a question, I am a licenced nurse with 10 years working experience, and I want to open a patent medicine store in Nigeria, do I need to be licenced by PCN again?

  37. Jonathan says:

    Where is PCN office in Ibadan if I want to register? Can someone help out?

  38. Abdulsalam Fatimoh says:

    I need a guideline on how to start a patient medicine store

  39. mustapha kayode says:

    I have about 12 years working as a sales representative with different pharmaceutical companies and I have sold and trained on drug knowledge, can that suffice to open a patent medicine store? I am a chemist by profession.

  40. Peter Leo says:

    Hi, can I start a patent medicine store without learning it under anybody? And also can I start after registering with the appropriate bodies?

  41. Hi Jossy, I will advise you visit the nearest CAC and PCN office to get clarity on this.

  42. Mercy says:

    NAPPMED yes but PCN no. Can I still register my patent medicine store in Nigeria with CAC?

  43. Mercy says:

    I’m an auxiliary nurse, registered with NAPPMED. Can I buy goods worth of ₦2 million?

  44. Pharm. sadeeque says:

    The steps are quite understandable and straightforward. I look forward to registering my patent medicine store in Nigeria according to the PCN and fulfill all the required procedure. I’m much impressed with the guidelines.

  45. Moses says:

    I have learned chemist, but I want to open my shop before I study pharmacy in the university, is it possible?

  46. Igwe Goodnews says:

    Thank you so much for this piece. May I know pls… Do these regulations affect one starting a wholesale Chemist business in the drug market not along the street??

  47. Omolara Precious says:

    Thanks for this information, it’s very helpful.

  48. Ifeany Miracle says:

    What if I found a suitable location but unfortunately someone else is already operating opposite the location but without been licensed. So my question now is what if I first him to obtain license will I be allowed to opprate in the place?

  49. Blessed says:

    I want to open a Wholesale medicine shop, not for dispensing of drugs to individuals but for the Chemist stores to be buying from me. My question is how do I go about it, and what are the necessary requirements needed to establish such wholesale store in Delta State?

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